Dr. Costantino has been trained in two medical specialties.
Having studied ENT / Otolaryngology, Dr. Costantino has been trained to provide medical and surgical care for patients suffering from complications, diseases and disorders of the ears, nose and throat, as well as the related structures of the head and neck. Dr. Costantino is trained to treat various disorders concerning speech, swallowing, upper-airway breathing, balance and hearing, among other functions.
Otolaryngology is a medical specialty focused on the treatment of disorders and diseases of the ears, nose and throat and related structures. These specialists are often referred to as ENT doctors, or ear, nose and throat doctors. Physicians in this specialty may specialize further within the field, in such areas as sleep medicine, head and neck plastic surgery, neurotology and pediatric otolaryngology, among other areas.
Otolaryngologists are highly trained physicians who are capable of treating all types of diseases and disorders concerning the ears, nose and throat through either surgical or non-surgical procedures. Surgeries performed by otolaryngologists include the removal of tonsils and adenoids, sinus surgery, the placement of ear tubes, the removal of tumors, reconstruction of congenital defects, cochlear implants and laryngotracheal reconstructions, among many others.
Otolaryngologists are capable of providing treatment and management for all types of disorders of the ears, nose, throat and surrounding structures. These may include sinusitis, hearing loss, tinnitus, cranial nerve disorders, balance disorders, polyps, nasal obstruction, voice and swallowing disorders, various types of infections and both cancerous and non-cancerous tumors, among many other conditions and diseases.
Learn more about ent / otolaryngology at MD.com.
Having studied Plastic Surgery, Dr. Costantino has been trained to perform a variety of surgeries that can restore or correct the form and function of the human body, either cosmetic or reconstructive. Dr. Costantino is able to correct abnormalities of the body that may be causing adverse health effects, or perform surgeries to correct malformations caused by birth defects, trauma, tumors or disease.
Plastic surgery is a medical specialty focused on the surgical repair or reconstruction of malformations or injuries to the body. Within plastic surgery there are two main subspecialties, cosmetic surgery and reconstructive surgery. The goal of cosmetic surgery (often referred to as elective plastic surgery) is improve the aesthetics and appearance of body parts, while reconstructive surgery is focused more on the repair and reconstruction of malfunctioning body parts. Plastic surgeons may perform both cosmetic and reconstructive surgery, or they may specialize in one area or the other.
Most reconstructive plastic surgery is due to either traumatic injuries or congenital (present at birth) defects. Common operations performed within reconstructive plastic surgery include scar revision, hand surgery, breast reduction or reconstruction (sometimes listed as a cosmetic operation), cleft palate and lip surgeries and surgeries to remove skin cancer, among other operations.
Cosmetic surgery, or elective plastic surgery, is performed when a patient is unhappy with their body and wishes to alter their appearance through a variety of surgical procedures. Common operations within cosmetic surgery include eyelid surgery (blepharoplasty), forehead and face lifts, ear pinning surgery (otoplasty), rhinoplasty (nose surgery), skin resurfacing, breast augmentation, chin augmentation, liposuction, mole removal, and “tummy-tucks” (abdominoplasty), among others.
Learn more about plastic surgery at MD.com.